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Tigers

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Status
Endangered
Weight
220-660
Length
4-10 ft.
Habitat(s)
Tropical forest,Evergreen forests,Mangrove swamps,Grassland savannnahs, and Temperate forest
Diet
Deer,Monkeys,Very young Elaphants and Rhinos,Wild boar,Antelope,and other small prey fish,porcupines,anacoda,etc.
Scientific name
Panthera tigris

DescriptionEdit

The tiger is one of the most largest big cat and is a powerful hunter  .The stripes on the tiger help it camouflage and help keep it hidden from prey.  Tigers have large canine teeth that are used to help it latch onto it's prey and sucessfully bring it down.  Tigers have excellent vision which can see even the slightest of movements and tigers can see in the dark.  The tiger has excellent hearing and the tiger is a amazing cat.  This animal's nose is very good and is used to tell danger or find prey.  Unlike most other cats, these beautiful creatures love water enjoy a nice cool dip.  Tigers are solitary big cats.

HabitatEdit

Most Tigers live in Asia, specifically throughout Southeast Asia, China, Korea and Russia. Tigers like to live in swamps, grasslands,and rain forests. Usually they tend to pick locations that are near trees, bushes, and clumps of tall grass. As this shades the Tiger from the sun when it's extremely hot. Not only does this protect them from the sun, it also helps them to camouflage with their surroundings and surprise their prey. As mentioned before, Tigers love  and are very sensitive to heat. Tigers are very powerful swimmers. Most Tigers will soak in water usually after making a kill. Tigers are most likely found eating grass or other animals such as deer, buffalo, wild cattle and wild boars, also from time to time they will eat fish and crabs.

BehaviourEdit

Tigers are usually solitary in nature, interacting briefly only for mating purposes and occasionally to share their kill. However, there has been a few rare instances documented in which tigers have collaborated on a hunt, similar to a pride of lions. Males have larger territories than females. An adult male's territory will usually overlap several females' territories. The larger area contains more than enough food, water and shelter resources, but is larger to accommodate more females' territories. Therefore, females are the most coveted resource for malesMales have larger territories than females. An adult male's territory will usually overlap several females' territories. The larger area contains more than enough food, water and shelter resources, but is larger to accommodate more females' territories. Therefore, females are the most coveted resource for males

DietEdit

A tiger's favorite prey is deer and wild boar. Deer species may include sambar, chital, sika deer, swamp deer, and hog deer, among others. Depending on the habitat, tigers may also eat antelope, buffalo, guar, domestic livestock, peafowl, monkeys, porcupines, fish, frogs, crabs, large monitor lizards, pythons, and young elephants or rhinos. Grass, fruits, and berries are also eaten. Prey living in dense, forested areas (where tigers are found) tend to be more scattered in distribution. Because of this, tigers will attack most any animal that places itself in a vulnerable position. Tigers kill animals of all ages and physical conditions, including animals in their prime.Tigers are solitary hunters and actively search for prey using their eyesight and hearing. They depend on concealment and a stalk and ambush approach to capture prey. When prey is located, the tiger begins its stalk. It approaches the prey from the side or rear, in a semi-crouch or crouch position. Remaining concealed, quiet, and cautious, the tiger attempts to get within 20 m (66 ft.) of its victim. Once the tiger is close enough, it suddenly rushes the prey. Using its powerful forelimbs and sharp claws, the tiger seizes the prey by the shoulder, back, or neck, and forces it to the ground. Unless the prey is quite large, tigers usually keep their hind feet on the ground.

PopulationEdit

Although there are no accurate estimates of the world tiger population, numbers are thought to have fallen by over 95% since the turn of the 20th century – down from perhaps 100,000 to the current estimate of possibly as few as 3,200 inidividuals. Three subspecies – Bali, Javan and Caspian tigers – were extinct by the 1980s. Even in India, the species' stronghold, a recent government census suggests there may be as few as 1,400 tigers left.

RepruductionEdit

Tigers don’t have a set season for reproduction to take place. Instead they are able to engage in the activities throughout the year. However, most of the time it will occur from late November through early April. Males are ready to mate when they are approximately 5 years of age. For females it is about 3 ½ years of age.

During the courting process you may hear tigers making a variety of howls and whines for each other. The males usually start this off but the females are very likely to respond. When they do come into contact with each other a dance of smelling each other, purring, and even rubbing against each other is very common. Some couples will go as far as to lick and to groom each other as well.

When a male and a female decide they would like to mate with each other, they will engage in the act several times over the course of a couple of days. That is how long the female will remain in heat at any given period of time. It is common for a male to mate with several different females as long as he is healthy and his basic needs are being met.

Once conception has occurred, it will take about 16 weeks for the cubs to be born. The males and females part ways after conception so she will be on her own to take care of them during the incubation period and afterwards. She will find a den where she can go to before they are born.

Generally there will be three or pups born at a time. They weight about 2 pounds each and they are completely dependent upon their mother as they are blind when they are born. The cubs will remain in the den until they are about 8 weeks old. The males often try to kill these young cubs if they come into contact with them. This is because the female will then be able to mate again with him.

CubsEdit

Generally there will be three or pups born at a time. They weight about 2 pounds each and they are completely dependent upon their mother as they are blind when they are born. The cubs will remain in the den until they are about 8 weeks old. The males often try to kill these young cubs if they come into contact with them. This is because the female will then be able to mate again with him.

Research has shown that there is a dominant cub in each liter. It is usually a male but that isn’t always the case. These cubs will engage in various types of play with each other and with their mothers. The dominate cub is the one that the mother will give the most food and care to if things become scarce to go around. The cubs will learn to hunt with their mother as well as they get older.

By the time that these tiger cubs are from 1 ½ to 2 years of age they are ready to go out on their own. The females tend to make a territory that is very close to that of their mother. The males though tend to spread out much further. The females tend to be very good mothers for their offspring. They are fiercely protective when it comes to keeping them safe from predators.

Sometimes though the females will have to choose to care for only one or two of the cubs. These will be the strongest of the bunch. They do this instinctively so that survival of the fittest is able to continue. Otherwise they risk all of their cubs dying if they try to continue inadequately caring for all of them.

The mortality rate for young tigers is extremely high. Less than half of them will survive the fist two years of life. They may be killed by males that are threatened by them, not get enough food from their mother, or become prey for other types of animals out there in the wild.